Enrique Peña Nieto takes office as president of Mexico - The Guardian

Mexican police charge down protesters against Enrique Pe?a Nieto, who has taken office as president.Fresh Mexican police down protesters against Enrique Pe?a Nieto, who took office as president. Picture: Reuters

Enrique Pe?a Nieto has officially take his duties as the new Mexican president with a vow to restore peace and security and to tackle vested interests that have hampered economic prosperity.

As several hundred protesters threw firebombs at police and Windows smashed, Pe?a Nieto marked the return of the institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) with a 13 point including the populist documents plan, but also reforms intended to boost the economy and modernize the education and justice systems.

Enrique Pe?a Nieto, Mexico's new president, celebrates with his familyEnrique Pe?a Nieto, new president of the Mexico, celebrates with his family. Photo: Reuters/Mexican Government

"To the Mexico did not achieve progress that the population requires or deserves", Pe?a Nieto said. "It is time for breaking us the myths and paradigms and everything else that has limited our development."

Inaugural events have marred the day by protesters opposed to the return of the PRI after 12 years in power.

Both inside and outside the houses of Congress, where he took the oath of office, his opponents called his inauguration a "tax" of a party that ruled from 71 years of age, with a mix of documents, registry and rigged elections. At least four protesters and four policemen were injured as protesters clashed with police who used tear gas and 65 people were arrested.

Vandals broke the Windows of stores, banks and a hotel and the furniture is dragged through the streets, bonfires. A bank downtown where all the Windows were broken is the words "Welcome to Pe?a" painted on the front in green.

Pe?a Nieto has countered with a speech full of details, the creation of a prevention program crime purchase of teachers to end the patronage positions that the rules of the public education system.

He said that would be at the centre of all policies for Mexicans and their families safely and would endeavour to ensure that the roads and cities were again "areas of calm where Mexicans can travel safely without fear of the loss of their freedom or their lives.

Mexico has suffered an increase in violence from the outgoing president, Felipe Calder?n launched an offensive against organized crime in the coming to power six years ago. It is estimated that 60,000 people have been killed by drug violence since then. While officials said first most of the victims were involved in organized crime, the massacres and the removal of propagation to innocent civilians, as drug gangs came to whole cities rule and even parts of some States.

In his speech, Pe?a Nieto turned to his usual style of results-oriented governing the list, having started his term as Governor of the State of Mexico with 608 projects, which he has promised to complete.

The tone was conciliatory, attempting to allay fears of a return to the autocratic PRI passed. "I will respect each voice," he said. "I'm going to run an open Government that speaks with honesty, seeks advice, listen to its citizens..." I will be a president who is close to the people."

Many of its proposals recalled back to the old populist PRI, promising pensions to the elderly of life insurance for single mothers to support their children through college, a program aimed at eradicating hunger and a new system of passenger trains.

Political analyst Jesus Silva Herzog Marquez said: "it is very concrete, very practical, no ideology." I think that Pena Nieto is not a person who thinks in abstract terms."

Before taking the oath of office, the members of Congress left inside the Chamber speech of protest and hung banners, including a reading of a giant "consumed tax. Mexico cries".

"One word sums up December 1: restoration." Back to the past, "said Deputy Ricardo Monreal of the movement of citizens party.

Pe?a Nieto had campaigned as the new face of the PRI, repentant and rebuilt after having been voted out of the Presidency in 2000.

Prior to its administration of oath public Saturday from hundreds of opponents banged on height around Congress steel safety barriers, threw stones, bottle rockets and firecrackers on the police and yelled "Mexico without PRI." Police responded by spraying tear gas by a truck and used fire extinguishers to put out the flames of Molotov cocktails. A group of demonstrators beaten and dented the barrier with a large truck before being repelled by police gun in water.

"We are against oppression, the imposition of a person," said Alejandro, 25, a student protester. "It was grocery money and much more for people would vote for him."

"The president is as Salinas: 'I do see you, I hear you,'" said Aurelio Medina, 64, supplier and one demonstrator referring to the PRI former President Carlos Salinas de Gortari.

Despite protests from the public, the atmosphere inside the Congress during the swearing-in ceremony was much less chaotic than six years ago, when Calderon safety unit was literally beyond the blockages and the demonstrators to enter him in the building muscle, so he could take the oath of office after a victory challenged in the thin on a leftist candidate.